法國啟蒙運動思想家孟德斯鳩36個經典英文語錄名言

2018.12.28 10:49經典語錄網 英文佳句語錄

法國啟蒙運動思想家孟德斯鳩36個經典英文語錄名言【經典語錄網】

夏爾·德·塞孔達,孟德斯鳩(1689年1月18日-1755年2月10日),法國啟蒙運動時期思想家、律師,西方國家學說以及法學理論的奠基人,與伏爾泰、盧梭合稱“法蘭西啟蒙運動三劍俠”。“拜占庭帝國”這個說法的流行,孟德斯鳩出力甚多。

孟德斯鳩是一位百科全書式的學者。在學術上取得了巨大成就,得到了很高的榮譽。曾被選為波爾多科學院院士、法國科學院院士、英國皇家學會會員、柏林皇家科學院院士。

1、Man can’t live like a beast. He should seek knowledge and virtue.
人不能像走獸那樣活著,應該追求知識和美德。

2、To love reading is to change the time of loneliness and boredom into a moment of great enjoyment.
喜愛讀書,就等於把生活中寂寞無聊的時光換成巨大享受的時刻。

3、Reading is the best way for me to dispel the unpleasantness of life. No distress can be dispelled by reading.
讀書對於我來說是驅散生活中的不愉快的最好手段。沒有一種苦惱是讀書所不能驅散的。

4、I do not do things that are good for my own sake but harmful to my home, and I will not do anything that is good for my country.
有益於身而有害於家的事情,我不幹;有益於家而有害于國的事情,我不幹。

5、One must mourn not the death of men but their birth.
人所悲傷的並不是人類的死亡而是他們的誕生。

6、A man who truly loves his country is a true man in all respects.
一個真正熱愛祖國的人,在各個方面都是一個真正的人。

7、In a people’s country there must also be a hub of promotion, which is virtue.
在一個人民的國家中還要有一種推動的樞紐,這就是美德。

8、Morality should be noble; when you are alive, you should be frank; behave, be polite.
品德應該高尚些;處世,應該坦率些;舉止,應該禮貌些。

9、The measuure of a man ‘s real character is what he would do if he know he would never be found out.
要衡量一個人的品質,要看他知道自己永遠不被人發現的情況下做些什麼。

10、Politeness pleases polite people and pleases those who are treated politely.
禮貌使有禮貌的人喜悅,也使那些受到人家禮貌相待的人們喜悅。

11、It is by no means a new generation that goes bad, but only after the older ones have become corrupt.
變壞的絕不是新生的一代,只有在年長的人已經腐化之後,他們才會敗壞下去。

12、To be able to repopulate one’s own life in the memory of others, life seems to lengthen a little; glory is the new life we have acquired, and it can be as precious as the life of genius.
能將自己的生命寄託在他人的記憶中,生命仿佛就加長了一些;光榮是我們獲得的新生命,其可珍貴,實不下於天賦的生命。

13、The person who has authority is easy to abuse power. This is an eternal and immutable experience for ages. Must prevent the abuse of authority, must by the authority restraint authority.
一切有權力的人都容易濫用權力,這是亙古不變的經驗。防止濫用權力的方法,就是以權力約束權力 。

14、Since nature causes varying degrees of strength in human beings, they often use the struggle to sink their boats, making the weak no less powerful.
大自然者既然在人間造成不同程度的強弱,也常用破釜沉舟的鬥爭,使弱者不亞於強者。

15、Real smart people can feel things that others just know.
真正的聰明人能感覺到那些其他人僅僅知道的事物。

16、The law was drawn up to punish the evil and perverse human being, so the law itself must be the purest.
法律的制訂是為了懲罰人類的兇惡悖謬,所以法律本身必須最為純潔無垢。

17、People generally approve of mediocrity. For mediocre people, people are happy to help; for intelligent people, people take away. The latter became the object of death, and he was not forgiven; but for the benefit of the former, people did everything to support him, and he was supported by vanity.
一般人贊許的往往是平庸人。對於平庸人,人們很樂於濟助;對於有才智的人,人們以有所剝奪為快。後者成為忌妒的對象,人們對他毫不原諒;可是為了前者利益,人們不惜一切給以支援,他受人們虛榮心的擁護。

18、I never knew there was any distress that could not be spared by an hour’s reading.
我從未知道過有什麼苦惱是不能為一小時的讀書所排遣的。

19、A well-intentioned ridicule is a kind of speech that is harmful to people and conducive to wisdom.
善意的嘲笑是一種有害於人之良性,有利於才智的講話方式。

20、I have seen people who are virtuous and have a natural attitude, which makes people feel that they have virtue, because they do their duty, whether they want to do it, and they act like instinct. They must not dwell on the merits of their rarity, for they seem to know nothing of it.
我見過一些人,德行美好,而態度自然,使人們感覺到他們身懷美德,因為他們恪盡天職,好不勉強,一切表現,如出本能。他們決不至於長篇大論,指出自己稀世的優點,因為他們自己仿佛根本不知道有這回事。

21、Freedom is not unlimited freedom, freedom is a power to do whatever the law permits.
自由不是無限制的自由,自由是一種能做法律許可的任何事的權力。

22、Luxury always follows debauchery, vice always follows luxury.
奢侈總是跟隨著淫亂,淫亂總是跟隨著奢侈。

23、If you track wit, you catch stupidity.
如果你追蹤機智,結果卻會抓住愚蠢。

24、Politics is a blunt instrument, and he slumps and slowly achieves its purpose.
政治是一把磨鈍了的挫刀,他挫著挫著,慢慢地達到它的目的。

25、Justice to others is charity for oneself.
對他人的公正就是對自己的施捨。

26、Mediocrity is safest.
平平庸庸最安全。

27、Life is equal, there is no distinction between high and low. We have no right to dictate to others by giving after the day after tomorrow, and we have no reason to feel sorry for the future. Above men, consider others as men; under men, consider themselves human.
人生而平等,根本沒有高低貴賤之分。我們沒有權利假借後天的給予對別人頤指氣使,也沒有理由為後天的際遇而自怨自艾。在人之上,要視別人為人;在人之下,要視自己為人。

28、Society is a large group of people as a whole, not isolated individual members.
社會是人群的集合體,而不是孤立的個體成員。

29、Law, where it governs all the peoples of the earth, is human reason.
法律,在它支配著地球上所有人民的場合,就是人類的理性。

30、Man is more like a man in suffering.
人在苦難中才更像一個人。

31、To be able to put their own life in the memory of others, life seems to lengthen some; glory is our new life, its precious, no less than natural life.
能把自己的生命寄託於他人記憶中,生命仿佛就加長一些;光榮是我們獲得的新生命,其珍貴,實不下於天賦的生命。

32、The glory of the privilege of the notables is precisely the disgrace of the civilian population.
顯要人物的特權的光榮恰恰就是平民的恥辱。

33、Man is extremely hopeful and afraid. Religion without geography and heaven would not please mankind.
人類極其具有希望感和恐懼感。沒有地域和天堂的宗教就不會取悅於人類。

34、A noble man does not do business; a man who does business is not noble.
高尚之人不經商,經商之人不高尚。

35、In countries where identity is necessarily different, there must be privileges.
在必然有身份差別的國家裡,就必然有特權的存在。

36、The despotism of authoritarian political power is less dangerous for the welfare of the people than the indifference of the Democratic People.
獨裁政治權勢者的專制,對於民眾福祉的危險性,比不上民主政治人民的冷漠。

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